Apple varieties


Piros counts to our top summer varieties thanks to several of its characteristics: its excellent taste, the - compared to other summer varieties- unusually long shelf life, the bright colour of the peel and the even medium to large fruit size. Piros is well resistant to mildew and winter frost. The tree grows slowly, bears fruit regularly and in great amounts. Piros enriches the assortment of summer apples and is almost unrivalled in its ripening season - between Vista Bella and Summerred.


is a particularly attractive early variety with excellent taste. The plucking maturity is at the end of July, between Piros® and Summerred. The fruit is medium sized, spherical to tall, with a green-yellow base colour and a 70% bright red, slightly striped topcote. Its taste is very juicy, sweet-sour and scented when fully ripe. Compared to other early varieties, Galmac® has a very high yield level, excellent firmness and shelf life in cold storage. The tree grows vigorously and blossoms moderately early.


It ripens from the beginning to mid-August, is round, large, beautifully red coloured and of attractive appearance. It is hardly pressure-sensitive and very good for cold storage and manipulation. The tree grows moderately strong; low mildew susceptibility, good pollinator, susceptible to alternate bearing;


This good, tasty autumn apple ripens in the first half of September, is medium-sized and has a red cheek on a yellow base. The flesh is creamy white, firm, crisp and juicy. The tree grows moderately strong, branches quickly and yields good harvests.


It ripens in mid-September, produces medium-sized, yellowish-red coloured, very sweet and well storable fruits. The pulp is very juicy, crunchy, firm and of excellent quality. The tree grows similarly to Golden Delicious and branches well. The oldest mutant is ROYAL GALA® tenroy: markedly better coloured, but smaller in size than the standard Gala.

The most popular variety in Austria is MONDIAL GALA® mitchgla (Imperial Gala), which colours like Royal Gala while having a fruit size like Standard Gala. GALAXY® colours even earlier and better with the same tree and fruit properties. GALAXY® is currently the most planted Gala type in Europe. In order to maintain reverse mutations concerning colour at the lowest possible level, it is important to use only top-graft cuttings from controlled fruit-bearing trees. These are reproduced and sold by Pepinieres du Valois under the name GALAXY® Selecta. GALA MUST® is a very beautifully coloured, large-fruited gala type, which has a very washy fruit colour and is rejected by our trade.

Even darker, full-colouring Gala mutants such as BROOKFIELD® baigent and SCHNIGA® colour very darkly in our climate, and are primarily recommended in warm areas where Galaxy no longer has sufficient colour.

RUBINETTE® rafzubin

Rubinette® is clearly one of the most popular apple varieties among consumers today and is always among the top varieties in taste tests. The fruit is medium-sized, orange to rust-red striped with an excellent spicy aroma and a high sugar and acidity content in a balanced ratio. To achieve an optimal fruit size, consistent thinning is absolutely necessary.

Rubinette® is a part of every farm-gate sales assortment and shall in the future become more interesting again also in the wholesale trade through targeted marketing measures and uniform marketing. Rubinette rosso® is a red mutant of Rubinette®.


This winter apple ripens from the end of September to the beginning of October. The fruits are large to very large, golden yellow with a red cheek, juicy and tasty with a balanced sugar-acidity ratio. The tree grows moderately strong and produces early, high and regular yields. Many better coloured mutants are introduced to the market. NOVAJO is currently the most recommended one in our climate, since it has a very nice, dark striped Jonagold colouration.


becomes even darker than Novajo, is no longer typically Jonagold and is often already treated as a separate variety; RUBINSTAR® is a very beautiful type, but very similar to Jonagored. Since the trade wishes to have a uniform appearance within a variety, the planting of other mutants such as Crowngold, Wilmuta, Jonica or New Jonagold is currently not recommended.


Our most important main variety ripens in October, is medium to large, golden-yellow, juicy, rich in sweetness and finely spicy. The tree grows moderately strong and is very high in yields.

GOLDEN REINDERS® is the representative of the smooth-skin, less rusty Golden Delicious-types par excellence, and also the most planted one in Europe.

The GOLDEN KLON B, which tends to rust, is still interesting to plant in good golden locations. It produces even higher yields than "REINDERS"' while being a particularly beautifully coloured fruit.


Pinova is a winter apple with high and secure yields. Thanks to its typical apple shape, red peel and good taste, Pinova is a valuable alternative or complement to Golden Delicious. Especially since Pinova is similar to or better than Golden Delicious in terms of eating ripeness, shelf life, yield stability and storage behavior. The low sensitivity to scab, winter and late frost should be emphasized. Mildew-sensitive. The medium to weak growth is ideally suited as a "slim spindle". The yield starts very early and is very high and very regular.


It ripens in mid-October, is dark red coloured, large to very large, juicy, sweet-sour and of good quality. The tree grows very strongly and upright. Because of its tendency to core mould, Gloster is currently only marketable at low prices.


Its fruits are very large and ripen after Golden Delicious, similar in appearance, but more sourish, smooth and do not overripe. The tree grows very vigorously and yields well, but is susceptible to alternation.


It ripens at the end of October, is large, round, strongly red on a yellow base, smooth and firm skin. The pulp is moderately sweet, slightly sour, firm and crisp. The tree grows slowly and brings early and rich yields. Idared is very easy to produce and its high proportion of land in Europe puts it under increasing price pressure. Pepinieres du Valois in France markets a particularly beautiful and early colouring type - the RED IDARED®.


Pilot is a novelty in the apple assortment. The firm, bright orange-red fruits can be easily stored in cold storage until May/June. They start developing their specific, strong aroma only in February and have a sourly-sweet taste when fully ripe until May. The pulp is sparkling and crackling. Pilot is not very sensitive to fire blight, scab and mildew, and the fruits are very resistant to mechanical stress during harvesting, transport and storage. Weak growth. Early and high yield.


Braeburn matures a week before Granny Smith. Its fruits are medium-sized, irregularly built up, brownish-red with clear stripes on a light green base; firm flesh, juicy, with a well balanced sugar-acidity ratio and very good storage capacity. Weak, compact growth. For proper growth and high yields, it is particularly important for Braeburn to use virus-free material. E.g. Braeburn SCHNEIDERS vf; Currently, HILLWELL® hidala is recommended as a much better colouring mutant, but has an even shorter harvest window than standard Braeburn.

In the future we want to replace Hillwell® with the beautifully coloured LOCHBUI®. Even darker, but in our climate almost too dark and less attractively coloured are REDFIELD® or MARIRI RED®.


This very late ripening variety is large to very large, pink to brownish-red striped, juicy and predominantly sweet; melting, firm and well storable - very popular with consumers in farm-gate sales; the tree grows strongly and tends to alternate. New mutants like Nagafu (we are talking about Nagafu 12, striped to slightly washed out), Red Sport, AKI-Fu, Yataka and others are always under discussion. At present, most likely KIKU® 8.

Since in most of Austria's locations where Fuji matures well, PINK LADY® cripps pink matures as well, it is worth considering whether this modern marketing management should also be used.


Harvest: early November - approx. 3 - 4 weeks after Golden Delicious. The fruit is medium sized, green, juicy and crunchy; the flesh is greenish-white, sourish and not very aromatic. Medium-strong growth.

Due to their late maturity, Braeburn, Fuji and Granny Smith are only recommended for the very best climatic conditions.

RED-FLESHED VARIETIES (for processing)


are clones of an old Russian red fleshed apple variety, which have been rediscovered due to their very beautiful red juice colour, which lasts in pasteurised juice for more than two years. The colour-stable property is also interesting for apple chips, sauce or jelly. As the sliced fruit does not get brown, apple rings or apple chips can be processed without antioxidants and always look attractiviley red. Also applesauce impresses by its intense red colour, but need an appropriate amount of sugar to be liked by children. A product with excellent taste that is also visually appealing is red apple jelly. Compote or jam made of fruit pieces also look inviting.

The tall, acidic-rich, large fruits should always be allowed to ripen well, they are primarily suitable as processing fruits. Growth and yield characteristics are similar to Gloster. The red colorants are not only in the skin and flesh, but also the seeds, blossoms, wood and leaves are interspersed with intense red. Due to the anti-cancer effect of red plant dyes, this old variety has reappeared.


is the first red fleshed apple variety that tastes sweet and fruity and which you really enjoy biting into.

It was bred by Dr. Michael Neumüller from the Bavarian Fruit Centre and registered for plant variety protection. As with Weirouge®, blossom and flesh are bright red in colour, leaves and shoots also have a very high content of anthocyanins.

The medium-sized fruits ripen at the end of September and can be enjoyed until the end of January when chilled. The peel is dark red coloured with noticeable lenticels and covers the semi-firm, fine-celled flesh with a balanced sugar-acid ratio.

The tree grows vigorously and is only slightly susceptible to scab.

Fruit growers must conclude a contract with the Bavarian Fruit Centre prior to planting. In addition to the flat-rate contract fee, a trademark fee per tree is payable, either in 10 annual instalments or flat-rate when buying the trees. We are not permitted to hand them over to resellers.

Further information is available at